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Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Chinese Merchants and Mongolian Independence. The contribution of Dr.
Roots of the Mongolian State: Chinese Merchants and Mongolian Independence The Eurasian Crisis of Managing the Social Order: From Chronicles to National History: Mongolian Historiography in the early 20th Century Mongolia and the Dilemmas of deepening Eurasian Contientalism The Way of Living of Modern Mongolia Regional Security Governance in Post-Soviet area Whether those settlers are the con-ethnics of the old colonial government, such as Slavs in Central Asia and the Baltics or British in Kenya, or persons imported from third countries to staf colonial industries, such as East Indians in South Africa or the Caribbean, and Chinese in Southeast Asia, the new national government always faces the question of how to handle a population that mixes utility with a sharp reminder of a now rejected past.
Mongolia is no exception to this rule. The Chinese population of Khowd had been largely driven out, about which more later. Were these the old colonial population or third-country imports? This would depend on whether the state from which Mongolia declared independence is considered to be the Manchu Qing empire, in which the Chinese subjects and the Mongols were both alike subjects of the Eight Banners ruling class, or as the Chinese empire or republic.
Few subjects are as hard to clarify as the citizenship of ethnic Chinese Mongolia. Exactly how many persons identifying as ethnic Chinese live or are citizens of Mongolia is rarely reported, even in the detailed ethnic statistics. When, if ever they were naturalized as citizens of Mongolia has not been discussed in any source known to me. For the latter he has exact igures broken down by household number, sex, 1 An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Association for Asian Studies Annual Conference in Honolulu, on April 2, Fellow participants included Prof.
Batsaikhan, Tachibana Makoto, Ts. I am grateful for the many suggestions and comments received then, which have helped me improve this paper. For the former, however, he presents only rounded igures: Later population igures are not much more helpful. Setting aside the period after the new inlux of Chinese workers in the late s, I have found no actual enumeration of the total ethnic Chinese population in any published source from the revolutionary period In , during the heyday of Russo- Sino-Mongolian friendship, and just before the inlux of contract workers from China, there is a lone instance of Khyatad or ethnic Chinese listed in the published population igures as totaling 16, persons or 1.